Amnesty International told the government it needs to “deliver equality and dignity.”
“This result is a bitter blow and a step backwards for human rights in Taiwan,” ...
Women's Rights :
discrimination & violence
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★ US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices released at 2023-3-20 (state.gov/reports/2022-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/taiwan/):
♦ A rise in the number of reports of child
sexual exploitation cases from 1,060 in 2018 to 1,879 in 2021.
NGOs raised concerns about online sexual exploitation of children: they
reported sex offenders increasingly used cell phones, web cameras, live
streaming, apps, and other new technologies to deceive and coerce underage girls
and boys into sexual activity. The NGOs called for increased prosecutions and
heavier penalties. Reporting of child sexual exploitation online to the Ministry
of Health and Welfare increased steadily in recent years
♦ Many survivors did not report rape for fear of social stigmatization, and NGOs and academic studies estimated the total number of sexual assaults was seven to 10 times higher than the number reported to police. Some abused women chose not to report incidents to police due to social pressure not to disgrace their families. Number of cases of sexual harassment 41 percent increase over the previous year.
★DW (Germany) , 2022-11-24 : this weekend's local elections feature the highest number of female candidates in 30 years.， women account for around 35% of the candidates on the ballot in this year's local elections，"The glass ceiling for women has gradually been broken."。In the 2020 parliamentary election, a total of 47 female candidates, more than 40% of the total, were elected, making Taiwan the country with the highest percentage of female lawmakers in Asia. But Women in politics still face obstacles ─ the media focusing more on a female candidate's appearance 、Female politicians also face sexual harassment、strike a difficult balance between being a mother and being a politician... msn.com/en-za/news/other/taiwan-elections-put-record-number-of-women-on-ballot/ar-AA14whwJ
Taiwan ruling party's #MeToo
Taiwan's ruling DPP
and apologized for the handling of a series of
sexual harassment complaints in recent days
★ TaiwanPlus News, 2023-6-5:
★ United Daily, editorial, 2023-6-4 : sexual harassment and bully become the ruling DPP's norm, high-ranking officials' burying the case becomes a tacit understanding inside the party, that's why #MeToo stories come again and again udn.com/news/story/7338/7211152?from=udn_ch2_menu_v2_main_cate
United Daily, editorial,
After Tsai Ing-wen took office,
DPP appears an ecology of collectively
to the youth,
but she shows no moral pressure ...
Country Reports on Human
n43.3 percent of employees were dissatisfied with gender equality practices in hiring and in the workplace, including in promotion policies and the division of work. According to official statistics, the median monthly income for women in 2019 was on average 87.7 percent of the amount their male counterparts earned. Reports of workplace sexual harassment increased in recent years. According to the Modern Women’s Foundation, workplace sexual harassment accounted for 54 percent of all sexual harassment cases in 2020, a substantial increase from the 17 percent accounted for by workplace sexual harassment in 2017
★ US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices , 2021-3-30 : state.gov/reports/2020-country-reports-on-human-rights-practices/taiwan/
Following January 11 elections, a record 42 percent of lawmakers were women, an increase from 38 percent in 2016, although less than 3 percent of the cabinet were women. Six seats are reserved in the legislature for representatives chosen by Taiwan’s indigenous people. Many victims did not report the crime for fear of social stigmatization, and NGOs and academic studies estimated the total number of sexual assaults was seven to 10 times higher than the number reported to police. Some abused women chose not to report incidents to police due to social pressure not to disgrace their families. The law requires all cities and counties to establish violence prevention and control centers to address domestic and sexual violence, child abuse, and elder abuse. Incidents of sexual harassment were reportedly on the rise in public spaces, schools, the legislature, and in government agencies. Overseas spouses were reportedly targets of social discrimination or abuse outside and, at times, inside the home.
Activists for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) rights said due to victims’ reluctance to lodge formal complaints, discrimination against LGBTI persons was more widespread than suggested by the number of court cases. Reported instances of violence against LGBTI individuals were rare, and police response was adequate. The majority of sex discrimination cases reported in 2019 were forced resignations due to pregnancies. Scholars said sex discrimination remained significantly underreported due to workers’ fear of retaliation from employers and difficulties in finding new employment if the worker has a history of making complaints. According to a 2018 survey by the Ministry of Finance, the median monthly income for women was, on average, 87.5 percent of the amount their male counterparts earned.
★ International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 2021 Global State of Democracy
SPOTLIGHT ON TAIWAN
Taiwan has registered a growth in domestic violence. One report from April 2020, for example, noted that, while national statistics were yet to be released, local media were indicating that overall numbers were up by 29 per cent for March alone.
★ <United Daily 聯合報>, editorial, 2021-12-2: No progress was made on Gender Equality in recent years (台灣近年雖在承認同性婚姻上進了一大步，但在男女平權上其實仍在原地踏步)。
★ CIA , The World Fact Book (cia.gov/the-world-factbook/field/total-fertility-rate/country-comparison), Japan Times, 2021-4-21: CIA estimates Taiwan's "Fertility Rate" in 2021 to be world's lowest. Taiwan ranks No. 227, probably caused by many house-wives being busy in work as well as in household duties, according to Liberty Times 2021-4-20. Japan ranks 218, China 185, Singapore 225. 《 United Daily》, 2021-6-17: udn.com/news/story/7340/5537697?from=udn-catehotnews_ch2 Medical expert 楊志良 project found out: under the circumstances of low salary and high housing price, more men are not willing to get married, it will be less and less marriages and children to born。
★ Brookings, 2021-6-25,
Despite the well-deserved praise for legalizing
same-sex marriage, Taiwan has stalled when it comes to expanding options for
family building by LGBT couples and single women. The Tsai administration has
failed to push for adoption-friendly policies and expanded access to assisted
pic. left: The websites group was ranked No.1 "Taiwanese women rights" or "Taiwan women rights" on Yandex at 2023-4-2; No.2 "Taiwanese women rights" or "Taiwan women rights" on Yandex of Russia at 2022-4-13, 2021-12-20, 2021-8-9, 2021-6-24; No.3 at 2022-10-9
pic.: The websites group was ranked No.1 by "Taiwan women rights" or "Taiwanese women rights" or "Taiwan women's rights" on Microsoft Bing at 2023-4-2, 2022-10-9, 2022-4-13, 2021-12-20, 2021-8-9, 2021-6-24, 2021-6-17, 2021-5-10, 2021-3-11, 8-2-2020
The websites group was ranked No.2
The websites group was ranked No.2
★ China Times, 2021-3-11, editorial: The percentage of female member of the cabinet hits lowest, which triggered big controversy; The percentage of working women between aged 25 and 34 of same group is 87.6%，which postpones average marriage age； Nearly 60% career females think severe discrimination still exists, 43% of them encountered harassment in their working place, and 87.3% of those cases was ignored by their company. The wage difference has only improved little. ( 兩性薪資差異曾連續3年未曾改善，上任5年來也僅進步了3天) chinatimes.com/opinion/20210310005190-262101?chdtv
★ CNA (中央社), Taiwan News, 2-23-2021: The official wage difference amounted to 14 percent, with women having to work 51 days more than men to receive the same salary, according to the Ministry of Labor (MOL). https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/4134184
In 2020, 12,2000 couples got married, nearly 5,2000 couples divorced，the divorce rate of couples married 10+ years is up to 43.4％。
★ NBC, Associated Press, 10-30-2020: Taiwan is the only place in Asia to have legalized same-sex marriage, since the legislation passed in May 2019 more than 4,000 such couples have married, with 69 percent of them lesbian couples, according to the most recent government data. DW (Germany), 10-31-2020: One restriction is that a foreign partner must come from a country with gay law. And, on same-sex parenting, Taiwanese remains divided. France 24, 10-31-2020: the issue has caused deep divisions on the island, especially among conservative religious groups and older generations. Taiwan's gay marriage law still contains restrictions not faced by heterosexual couples, including on adoption and foreign marriages. United Daily, 11-1-2020: DPP: Taiwan still has a distance to equal-rights.
★ US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices released at 3-11-2020 : In the new legislature, a record 38 percent of lawmakers were women. In the November 2018 local elections, voters elected women to seven of the 22 mayoral and county magistrate seats. The number of women elected to local councils also continued to grow: women won 307 of the 912 city and county council seats–an increase from 30.7 percent in 2014 to 33.8 percent in 2018. Many victims did not report the crime for fear of social stigmatization, and various nongovernmental organizations (NGO) and academic studies estimated the total number of sexual assaults was seven to 10 times higher than the number reported to police. Some abused women chose not to report incidents to police due to social pressure not to disgrace their families.
◎★ US state government - 2020 Trafficking in persons report, Jun. 2020: traffickers subject local men and women to forced labor and local women and children to sex trafficking. Taiwan women and children are subjected to domestic sex trafficking, including as part of an increasing trend in which traffickers induce and exploit Taiwan and foreign women’s and children’s drug addictions. Taiwan traffickers increasingly use the internet, smartphone apps, livestreaming, and other such online technologies to conduct recruitment activities, often targeting child victims, and to mask their identities from law enforcement. Taiwan traffickers also exploit persons with disabilities in sex trafficking. Traffickers lure women from China and Southeast Asian countries to Taiwan through fraudulent marriages and deceptive employment offers for purposes of sex trafficking.
★ ABC Radio National, Australia, 2- 27-2020: 42 per cent of Taiwan's legislators (law makers) are women; it's the only Asian nation to have legislated same-sex marriage.
★ US Country Reports on Human Rights Practices released at 3-13-2019 pointed out that Victims of rape and domestic violence did not report the crime for fear of social stigmatization, and various nongovernmental organization (NGO) and academic studies estimated the total number of sexual assaults was seven to 10 times higher than the number reported to police. Some abused women chose not to report incidents to police due to social pressure not to disgrace their families. US state government - 2019 Trafficking in persons report, Jun. 2019 : in the last five years, human traffickers subject foreign men and women to forced labor and sex trafficking in Taiwan... <The United Daily >, 3-16-2018: Taiwan's gender equality - A long long way to go ! Taiwan passed (United Nations already passed 30+ years ago at 1979) the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) , valid from Jan. 1, 2012, but, Taiwan's women rights status is still similar according to the US report released in 2013 ~ 2018, In 2015, the number of reporting for rape or sexual assault is only 850 less than that in previous year. The Gov. study showed (3-2-2019) the number of Domestic Violence in 2018 is 138637, which increases about 1% compared to previous year.
(12. 25. '14) reported that those Taiwanese male aged above 20 (2.33 million men per yr. ) The annual value of production of Taiwan's sex industry's is at least USD 200 million. Prostitution is violence against women / ref to <Prostitution : violence with no name>, "Prostitution et Societe", 2010, "Int'l Day for the Elimination of Violence against women", 11-25-2016 France. Taiwan government is the main criminal to harm women's rights in large scale. Liberty Times (4-21-2018) : Taiwan's "Me Too" movement has not begun yet ...
★ US state government - 2019 Trafficking in persons report, Jun. 2019
As reported in the last five years, human traffickers subject foreign men and women to forced labor and sex trafficking in Taiwan, and traffickers subject local men and women to forced labor and local women and children to sex trafficking. Taiwan women and children are subjected to domestic sex trafficking, including as part of an increasing trend in which traffickers induce and take advantage of Taiwan and foreign women’s and children’s drug addictions to subject them to sex trafficking. Taiwan traffickers increasingly use the internet, smartphone apps, livestreaming, and other such online technologies to conduct recruitment activities, often targeting child victims, and to mask their identities from law enforcement.
Traffickers lure women from China and Southeast Asian countries to Taiwan through fraudulent marriages and deceptive employment offers for purposes of sex trafficking. Many trafficking victims are migrant workers from Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, and to a lesser extent, individuals from China, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka.
Some traffickers use Indonesian-owned stores in Taiwan as illegal remittance channels, confining Indonesian workers and subjecting them to sex trafficking. Traffickers reportedly take advantage of Taiwan’s “New Southbound Policy” visa-simplification program to lure Southeast Asian students and tourists to Taiwan and subject them to forced labor and sex trafficking.
The websites group was ranked No.1
The websites group was ranked No.1
pic. : No. 1 "Taiwanese human rights" on Microsoft Bing , 8-2-2020
pic. left: The websites group was ranked No.2 by "Taiwanese women rights" on Yandex of Russia,at 10-25-2019
pic. right: The websites group was ranked No.2 by "Taiwan women rights" on Yandex of Russia,at 10-25-2019; No.3 at 2021-6-24
The websites group was ranked No.1
The websites group was ranked top 2
Female victims being raped in Taiwan are always worried their life balance will be ruined ... the social environment or the overall situation is unfriendly, all people around stop victims' voices, "loose lips" might hurt victims even more.
Taiwanese are facing cultural restrictions and challenges, still hard to have positive influence on this issue.
Taiwanese society needs to give more supports and empathy so that those victims will no longer be silence thus can fight for justice by themselves.
Taiwan's first time！more than 1000 participated in 「#Me Too」parade.
Taiwan's "Me Too" movement actually has not begun yet, such as those rape or harassment cases by gym. coach and legislator senior assistant (現任閣員、立院資深助理) are just under investigations, or even victims' name has not gone public ......
Taiwan president Tsai I. W. : Taiwan still have a not short way to reach gender
equality (台灣離性別平等 還有一段路要走)
<The United Daily 聯合報>, 3-16-2018 (林志潔, professor and member of national judicial reform committee)
The judge made mistakes again and again, Taiwan's gender equality - A long long way to go !
Women: Rape and Domestic Violence:
spousal rape, and domestic violence. Many victims did not report the crime for
fear of social stigmatization, and various nongovernmental organization (NGO)
and academic studies estimated that the total number of sexual assaults was
seven to 10 times the number reported to police.
Women were promoted less frequently, occupied fewer management positions, and
worked for lower pay than men, earning on average 83 percent of their male
"Female participation in the labor force" ranks world no. 85.
◆ Women were promoted less frequently, occupied fewer management positions, and worked for lower pay than their male counterparts. Household caregivers and domestic workers did not enjoy the same legal protections as other workers.
◆ Women’s groups reported that judicial authorities were sometimes dismissive of sexual harassment complaints. According to the Ministry of Labor’s latest survey on this subject in 2013, an estimated 4.2 percent of women encountered sexual harassment in the workplace, with most victims ages 15 to 34. A poll conducted by the Awakening Foundation in May found that 50 percent of the women surveyed faced censure when they informed their employers of their pregnancy, 49 percent were assigned to a different job or department, and 15 percent were asked to resign.
<The United Daily 聯合報>,
Taiwanese female employee need to work 52 days more to earn the amount of male employee's anneal salary...
★ USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices, 6.26.2015
... as of July there were 7,175 reports filed for rape or sexual assault. As of November courts indicted 810 persons and convicted 638 persons ... Because survivors were socially stigmatized, many did not report the crime, and various NGO and academic studies estimated that the total number of sexual assaults was seven to 10 times the number reported to police... the average prosecution rate for rape and sexual assault over the past five years was approximately 45 percent, ...The Ministry of Labor estimated that 4.2 percent of women encountered sexual harassment in the workplace, with most victims ages 15 to 34....
Women’s advocates noted that women continued to be promoted less frequently, occupied fewer management positions, and worked for lower pay than did their male counterparts. According to the Ministry of Labor, in 2013 women comprised 44.1 percent of the workforce and their salary on average was 83.9 percent of the average salary for men performing comparable jobs... the ratio of boy-to-girl births was 107 to 100, the lowest in 25 years.
★ Amnesty International (The London-based organization), 2.25.2015
The organization concerns
Taiwan's gender discrimination. In terms of gender
discrimination, the organization called on Taiwan to respect
the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people.
Taiwan’s passage of the Convention to Eliminate All Forms of
Discrimination Against Women and the enactment of laws to
implement the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities by
2017 were important starts, but still have to be fully
ps: (1) Anti-adultery law only exits in Taiwan, N. Korea, and Muslim (Islam) few countries/ Korea - Yonghap, South Korean news agency, 2-26-2015, Taiwan - United Daily, Liberty Times, 2-27-2015.
(2) Taiwanese female's hourly rate of pay is only 85.05% of male's, which means Taiwanese career women need to work additional 55 days per year to get pay equal to men's. / CTS news, Liberty Times, Taiwan, 2-27-2015.
★ <The United Daily>, <China Post>, 3-3-2016
The first large-scale survey convened by the government found One out of four Taiwanese women have been victims of partner abuse in the past, according to a study, based on methods used by the United Nations, the European Union and the World Health Organization.
more than 26 percent of women said they had experience at the receiving end of abuse from an intimate partner, among whom psychological abuse accounted for 21 percent. Approximately 9.8 percent of respondents said they had suffered from physical violence, 9.6 percent from economic abuse, 7.2 percent from sexual violence, while 5.2 percent had been stalked and harassed by partners.
★ <Apple Daily 蘋果日報> 6-11-2015 "Where is the justice with guts" / 陳宜倩 SHU vice professor
brief: Our fantasies about gender equality, Constitutional Democracy, ... were destroyed !
Every Taiwanese people, from the president down to ordinary civilians, spends every efforts on pretending that Taiwan is a Regime of Constitutional Democracy as well as a legal state, and being proud of its rising sense of gender equality, it's really too hard for us do the phony, eventually, the Council of Grand Justices No. 728 destroys our fantasies, most astonishing, the justice stated it's impossible for today's Taiwan to give up androcentric ancestral inheriting system (揚棄以男性為中心的宗祧繼承規範在今日台灣是不可能的).
★ USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices, 2.27.2014Rape and Domestic Violence: The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence. Because victims were socially stigmatized, many did not report the crime, and the Ministry of Interior estimated that the total number of sexual assaults was 10 times the number reported to police.
The law provides protection for rape victims. Rape trials are not open to the public unless the victim consents. The law permits a charge of rape without requiring the victim to press charges.
The law establishes the punishment for rape as not less than five years’ imprisonment, and courts usually gave those convicted prison sentences of five to 10 years. According to the Ministry of Health and Welfare, as of July there were 8,029 reports filed for rape or sexual assault. As of July, courts indicted 1,282 persons and convicted 1,297 persons. According to the Ministry of Justice, the average prosecution rate for rape and sexual assault over the past five years was approximately 50 percent, and the average conviction rate of cases prosecuted was approximately 90 percent.
As of September, authorities prosecuted 1,921 persons for domestic violence and convicted 1,595 persons. Typically, courts sentenced persons convicted in domestic violence cases to less than six months in prison. Social pressure not to disgrace their families discouraged abused women from reporting incidents to the police. The law allows prosecutors to take the initiative in investigating complaints of domestic violence, without waiting for a spouse to file a formal lawsuit.
The law requires all cities and counties to establish violence prevention and control centers to address domestic and sexual violence, child abuse, and elder abuse. These centers provided victims with protection, medical treatment, emergency assistance, shelter, legal counseling, education, and training on a 24-hour basis. The Health and Welfare Ministry, newly established in July, will be responsible for combating and addressing rape and domestic violence.
Sexual Harassment: Sexual harassment in the workplace is a crime punishable by fines of NT$100,000 to NT$1 million ($3,400 to $34,000) and imprisonment for up to two years. All public employers and larger private employers are required to enact preventive measures and establish complaint procedures to deter sexual harassment. Women’s groups complained that, despite the law and increased awareness of the issue, judicial authorities remained dismissive of sexual harassment complaints.
Discrimination: The law prohibits discrimination based on gender. The law provides for equal treatment with regard to salaries, promotions, and assignments. The law entitles women to request up to two years of unpaid maternity leave and forbids termination of employment because of pregnancy or marriage. Central and local agencies, schools, and other organizations are required to develop enforcement rules and set up gender equality committees to oversee the implementation of the law. One NGO claimed that the authorities were not doing enough to raise public awareness of this issue.
Women’s advocates noted that women
continued to be promoted less frequently,
occupied fewer management positions, and
worked for lower pay than did their male
counterparts. Women made up 44 percent of
the workforce. According to the Council for
Labor Affairs (CLA), salaries for women
averaged 82 percent of those for men
performing comparable jobs.
★ <the Liberty Times>, Mar. 8, 2015 According to statistics, more male Taiwanese have extramarital affairs, but more female Taiwanese were sentenced to certain time in prison, etc, the key point is Taiwan's public perception is biased against women having affairs ...
★ USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices, April 19, 2013
★One of the principal serious human rights problems in Taiwan was rape including spousal rape, and domestic violence. “Because victims were socially stigmatized, many did not report the crime, and the MOI estimated that the total number of sexual assaults was 10 times the number reported to police,”... (ps: US gov. definition: "pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner".).
★There may also be a problem with sexual harassment in the workplace.... judicial authorities remained dismissive of sexual harassment complaints,” .
★The report said that child abuse also continued to be a widespread problem in Taiwan.
★ USA Country Reports on Human Rights practices, May 24, 2012
Taiwan's Child abuse also continued to be a “widespread problem,” according to the report. It cited an NGO estimate of 20,000 cases per year of child sexual abuse.
In addition, the report said violence against women, such as rape and domestic violence, “remained a serious problem” in Taiwan. It said the Ministry of the Interior estimated that the actual number of sexual assault cases was 10 times more than what was reported to the police.
The report also said that foreign spouses in Taiwan face discrimination inside and outside of their homes. Forced labor was found in sectors such as caregiving, farming, fishing, manufacturing and construction...
Women's human rights problems in Taiwan :
(1) Violence against women, including
rape and domestic violence, remained a "serious
(estimated that the total number of rape, spousal rape was 10 times the number reported to the police,
- 6818 rape/sexual assaults were filed till Sept 2010, till Nov. 2010, 91457 family violence, 22089 children abuse cases were filed. )
(2) judicial authorities remained
“dismissive” of complaints of sexual harassment in the
(3) Child abuse continued to be a widespread problem. sexual abuse was more prevalent than the public realized, with the estimated number of victims reaching approximately 20,000 annually, while only approximately 3,000 were reported.
(4) foreign-born spouses were targets of discrimination.
★ <Apple Daily>, Dec. 5, 2012
Acording to "2012 Taiwanese Human Rights index survey" (conducted by 中華人權協會), 24% Taiwanese think Taiwan's women human rights in retreat, 21.9% think it is in progress,17.9% Taiwanese think Taiwan's overall human rights in progress, 36% think it is in retreat, 76% Taiwanese don't satisfy Taiwan's economy human rights.
Taiwan's scholars worry that Taiwan's democracy doesn't work well ...
★ <the Liberty Times>, Mar. 27, 2013
75% of women encountered sexual harassment in the workplace,
★ <Apple Daily>, 6.12Taiwan police station ignored a huge prostitution base nearby (大淫窟 - 金帝大廈)Apple Daily News (April 12, 2014) reported, massage girls in Taipei all do "prostate-care", "Lymphatic drainage", kind of actually sexual service (都會從事被稱為「攝護腺保養」、「淋巴排毒. 」等半套性服務). Wikipedia (2014): there are Thai massage places all over Taipei and most places you have a good chance to find 'extra services'. <United Daily News> 7.27.2014: Taipei prostitution, no.1 is massage house, second, call girls controlled by broker, thirdly, so-called one-woman brothel (「一樓一鳳」). click to see Taiwan's porn trade .
★ CNA Central News Agency, Taiwan (<中央社>) ， March 8, 2012
For this national Women's Day, DPP legislative in a press conference lists Taiwan's 5 problems lead to Taiwanese women's unhappiness ― reduced income, food (birds-flu chickens, Paylean beef, etc) may get illness, unequal pay for female ( salary 17.6% less for same work by the male), workplace not comfortable ( female victims accounted for 97.15% of all sexual harassment cases ) , difficult to get promotion ( women only 1/4 of high-end civil servants/officials ).
March 7, 2013
Sexual discrimination? ― Taipei city government: no female in high-ranking decision-making position(決策層級), only 7 women in leading position in 1st level units(一級機關的女性首長), that were questioned the proportion is quite low...
<United Daily News>,
March 7, 2013
Career women's average salary is about NT40000, which is 80% of male's salary (only 70% in 20 years ago).
★ <South China Morning Post> Hong Kong, Nov 24, 2013
Taiwanese women embrace 'male' careers but gender gap remains
...Government statistics show that Taiwanese women earn on average about 18 per cent less than Taiwanese men.
“There is still a lot of room for improved gender equality in the workplace,” said Liu Chia-yi, chairwoman of the Taipei Association for the Promotion of Women’s Rights.
“The government and employers must enforce relevant regulations to ensure women’s working rights,”......
★ <Apple Daily News>, editorial , Sept. 23, 2011
Sexual Prison "(「國立性煉獄」)
: What a shame on Taiwanese government !
So many sexual harassment crimes , and sexual assault cases in Taiwan, ...... far more than the number reported by media, we can say Taiwan has already became a society hostile to the female. Shame on all Taiwanese, particularly, shame on Taiwanese government......
ps: Taiwan prostitution & erotic massage (2014)
early morning TV news
Taiwan government (education dept.)'s official dictionary on-line defines the very popular slang "single public-hazards"(「單身公害」) as single female seducing & having affair with married male, was criticized as "discrimination", because of not including single male "public-hazards".
★ 2011 DPP opinion polls <the Liberty Times>, Taiwan, May 8, 2011 ( Mother's Day )
◎ 54.9% female (age 20-49) : Taiwanese mother are not happy.
Taiwanese mother "kind (bit)
unhappy" : 34.5%
(2) "very unhappy": 20.4%
(3) "kind (bit) happy" : 33.9%
(4) "very happy" : 7.4%
(5) Not willing to have baby at present : 87.3% ― reasons include having enough kid(s), economic burden, not married yet, cannot have baby for age or health etc, not willing to give birth, living environment not good ...
★ <Apple Daily News>, Taiwan, head-page news , Nov. 5, 2011
according to a report estimated by
<日日春>, the number of
person at time to call/buy prostitutes per year is about
30,000,000 ( ps: Taiwan's population : 23,000,000 )
◎ At present, there's no
legal place for sex business.
<Apple Daily News>,
Taiwan, Dec. 1, 2011
According to a world survey (18-49 yrs old) by Durex, the average number of sexual partners for life as below:
|World / female||Taiwan / female||World / male||Taiwan / male|
rank next to the last
rank next to the last
★ <Liberty Times>, Dec. 6, 2011
A Legislator criticized a recent advertisement made by the Taiwanese government (Council of Labor Affairs) is a discrimination against women, this sort of creativity using gender stereotypes (men work outdoors, women as house-wife indoors) is not funny at all...
★ 2009 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Taiwan Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor issued at March 11, 2010, by the U.S. Department of State.
Violence against women, including rape and domestic violence remained a serious problem. Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime. Because victims were socially stigmatized, many did not report the crime, and the MOI estimated that the total number of sexual assaults was 10 times the number reported to the police.
Trafficking in women remained a problem.
Sexual harassment in the workplace is a crime, punishable by fines from NT$100,000 to NT$ one million (approximately $3,080 to $30,800) and imprisonment for up to two years.
Women's groups complained that, despite the law and increased awareness of the issue, judicial authorities remained dismissive of sexual harassment complaints.
Taiwan is primarily a destination for Southeast Asian and PRC nationals trafficked into forced labor or sexual exploitation. There were reports of women being trafficked from Taiwan to Japan for sexual exploitation purposes.
★ 2010 Trafficking in Persons Report Taiwan (Tier 1)
Released by the U.S. Department of State, June 14, 2010
Taiwan authorities fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.
Taiwan is a destination, and to a much lesser extent, source and transit territory for men, women, and children subjected to forced prostitution and forced labor. Most trafficking victims in Taiwan are workers from Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines, employed through recruitment agencies and brokers to perform low-skilled work in Taiwan's manufacturing industries and as home caregivers and domestic workers.
Some women from Taiwan are recruited through classified ads to travel to Japan, Australia, the UK, and the United States for employment, where they are forced into prostitution. Taiwan is a transit territory for Chinese citizens who enter the United States illegally and may become victims of debt bondage and forced prostitution in the United States.
The strengthened Domestic Violence Prevention Act failed to provide adequate protection for victims due to poor implementation. In June, a High Court judge revealed that it could take days to issue an emergency protection order, much longer than the four-hour limit required by law. Women’s groups continued to criticize judges for lacking gender awareness.
Women continued to be trafficked into Taiwan. In November, the cabinet approved a draft Anti-Human Trafficking Law.
★ United Nations UNDP（GEM） 2004 / 10 / 02 ( reported by <the United daily News> Taiwan )
Taiwan's < Gender Empowerment Measure > (GEM) in 2002 is 0.657, ranking world No. 20, better than Singapore's No. 21 and Japan's No. 39, but actually Taiwan has moved backwards ― No. 17 in 1997...
Taiwan's three other items ranked no so well ... i.e., Taiwanese women's GDP index (57%) in UNDP survey ranked world No. 61, which is much worse than China's ( communist China ) ranking world No. 22.
PS: it seems no Taiwan's data in latest UNDP reports ― Measuring inequality: Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) and Gender Development Index (GDI) http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/
◎ Feb. 14, 2011, <United Daily News>
35% of the cases that Taiwan's judges sentenced ( brought in a verdict ) sexual assault offenders is lower than the statutory minimum sentence.
◎ June 16, 2010
A top position man in a tech company was accused to sexual harass his girl-subordinate by indecent behaviors : placed his hands on her upper hip (waist) for ten seconds and hooked her shoulder twice while in the colleagues party, she felt being offended and failed to evade his dirty hands, finally left the seat.
The Taiwan Supreme Court decided the case that the accused is not guilty of sexual harassment crime , because he did not touch accuser's breast, physical privacy parts (waist doesn't count) or bottom.
The accuser asked compensation of
NT$1230000 after first instanse by elementary court ( the
accuser won the 1st round ).
73% Taiwanese in poll/survey think holding a girl's waist
against her will is sexual harassment crime.
The largest women organization in Taiwan has same view.
◎ March 2009
A girl brought a case ( sexual harassment crime) against a man who masturbated in the Taipei train station and threw his sperm (seminal fluid) to her skirt. The prosecutor decided this is not a prosecution case, because the man did not reach his hands to the girl's body.
◎ Sept., 2008
A alumnus is accused to be sexual harassment crime for placing his hand on his alumna's shoulder while taking a group photo in alumni gathering party. This case has not decided yet (3 years passed already).
◎ Jan. 2008
A man squeezed a girl's breast for 10 seconds ― judge in first instance decided it's just a sexual harassment crime, not a compulsory indecency (a serious crime), in 2nd instance the judge decided it is a compulsory indecency since the girl cannot escape to anywhere from a very crowded place.
◎ Aug. 16, 2010
A 31 yrs old man sexual assaulted with his fingers to a minor (6-year-old child girl), the judge decided it's a 3 years & 2 months penalty sentence, for the sexual assault offender's behavior was not against the victim's will/intension. (The prosecutor asked a 7+ years sentence)
◎ June, 2010
An officer in Taiwan's Dept. of Defense sexual assaulted with his hands on a high-school student's breast in day-time, and also humiliated her by dirty words. The martial court in first instance decided in Aug. it's a sexual harassment crime ― 4 months or fine penalty.
◎ Sept. 1, 2010
3-year-old child girl was sexual assaulted, the Supreme Court
decided there's no proof that the offender's behavior was
against the victim's will/intension.。
source : apple daily taiwan
plans to modify the law to punish
the accused who sexual assaulted on kids,
Apple Daily News at Sept 28, 2010 urged Taiwan should not be affected too
much by Taiwanese Populism and political correctness.
ps sexual assaulting on child under 12 yrs old : 5+ yrs sentence (10 13, 2010)
★ Taiwanese Women still face discrimination
from <Women still face discrimination>, By Shelley Huang, REPORTER, Tuesday, Mar 09, 2010, Page 2
Salary adjustments and opportunities
for promotion are two major areas where women suffer
discrimination, a Council of Labor Affairs survey showed
◎ About one out of four working women still encounter sexual discrimination in the workplace, Council of Labor Affairs (CLA) statistics showed yesterday.
◎ 2008 data showed that working women in Taiwan earned on average 81.7 percent as much as men.
◎ Although female workers found that sexual discrimination in the workplace has been declining, about 27 percent still feel discriminated against. A majority said the “range of salary adjustment” and “opportunities for promotion” were the main areas in which sexual discrimination existed.
★ Synovate , Aegis Group plc. iservice.libertytimes.com.tw , 2009-06-10, by Anita Yang
... About 90% female Taiwanese think financial independence is important for them, particularly, 96% younger or single & unmarried ones agree so ... Female's average amount of their payroll/salary is less than male's, even working the same thing ...
35% southern female Taiwanese unfaithful
Oct. 9, 2010
◎ According to a college survey, 35.6% of women in southern Taiwan had extra-marital affairs .
◎ These women 're easier to get climax/orgasm through extra-marital affairs.
◎ This survey shows modern Taiwanese female are sexual independent (autonomy).
★ 44% female Taiwanese prefer to separate if no orgasm, <Apple Daily News> Taiwan, 11.12.2010
◎ 77% : never or very seldom reach orgasm together with partner
◎ 78% : pretend to reach orgasm
◎ sexual problem : (1) 41% - very hard to get orgasm (2) 38% - fear pregnant (3) 31% - can't get "G point" (Glafenberg)
experts : female Taiwanese already took
initiative, active steps for pleasure.
★ Social value & Taiwanese teen (under age) prostitutes
◎ <the China Times > Oct. 30, 2010 : Taiwanese laugh at the poor, instead of prostitutes ... that's Taiwan's social value.
◎ <Liberty Times > Oct. 30, 2010 : The social value gives kids wrong concept, ... education should let kids know .... Money is not everything.
◎ <Apple Daily News > Oct.
30, 2010 : Taiwanese teenagers' moral value weakened .... we
should rebuild our social value system.
★ "Our Society" <the China Times> 2010-11-02 author : 【人民／vice professor】
... When Taiwanese girl-youngsters take money pursuit as their lives' sole value for envying rich people's life, we no longer need to surprise that they are not interested in the Literature, the Philosophy, the Arts and Science, and not conscious at the essence of life, they only to exchange enjoyment of material (material pleasures) with their youth and nude bodies ...
★ Put the education : "Equality between Male and Female" into practice! <United Daily News> 2010.11.02 author:【Professor Liao 廖玉蕙】
The head of Taiwan's Education Dept. did not introduce female professor by using the title "Professor", but did call the title for male professors presenting in a Literature & Arts contest awarding ceremony held by Education Dept. ,government of Taiwan R.O.C.
... Taiwan has been trying to eliminate a long-term phenomena ― inequality between men and women, ... but if we look into this issue certainly will find out the equality between men and women is still so far away ...
... a hard and sad "Motherhood myth" has lasted from old time till today, really is Taiwan's shame ... they strongly appraise the motherhood's selflessness without personal identity, and the virtue without complaints and regrets, those kind of stale and old age thinking ... has been encouraging women to depress themselves ( including human's instinct for pursuing health and happiness ) only for the family...
... these sort of distorted concepts really is a potential crisis/threats to Taiwan's education in equality between men and women.
<the Liberty Times>, Taiwan, May 21, 2011 : Since Taiwan's police insulted aborigines during unscheduled check-up / visitations recently, and KMT (Nationalist Party) former high-ranking official insult Taiwanese aborigines by the term "mongrel (or son of a bitch)", a legislator is trying to raise and pass a convention on the elimination of discrimination against Taiwan's aborigines.
<United Daily News>, Taiwan, May
According to a survey by national Taiwan Normal university students' association : there still is sexual discrimination on campus ― 40% students have seen / heard their teachers made speech concerning sexual bias ( discrimination)... 四成學生曾聽聞教師在課堂發表持有性別偏見的言論，且高達六成因性別氣質遭同儕嘲弄...
<Freedom House> Reports ,
Freedom House, a Washington-based non-governmental organization that supports the expansion of freedom around the world.
Rape and domestic violence remain problems
despite government programs to protect women and the work of
numerous NGOs to improve women’s rights. Although authorities
can pursue such cases without the victims formally pressing
charges, cultural norms inhibit many women from reporting the
crimes. Taiwan is both a source and
destination for trafficked women. In January 2009, the
legislature passed a law that specifically criminalized sex and
labor trafficking while increasing penalties for such offenses.
For precise meanings pls refer to Chinese version article
New 2015 ! this site's ranking world No.1 on Yahoo (1.7.2015), No. 2 on google (1.11.2015)
ranking No.1 by Chinese keyword "Taiwan women's
rights" on Google, tests at Jan. 27, 2015, Sept. 9~ 13, 2014, Jan. 28, 2012,
Scholars' studies in Taiwanese women's rights ― family (marriage) violence , written in Chinese as below :
◎ 在父權價值觀裡，丈夫對妻子的掌控是攸關男人面子的事 (Archer & Lloyd， 2004)。
◎ 婚姻暴力與文化有關 : 朱柔若、吳柳嬌（2005）認為，受暴婦女的存在，是性別權力結構失衡所產生的社會問題。